The presidential seal, the government’s Free and Compulsory Education Act came into effect on Tuesday, making the state responsible for ensuring that no child is deprived of school education.According to the new law, local governments have to make sure that every child from 5 to 12 years of age is enrolled and receives a free education at public schools.
The Act, which was endorsed by the federal parliament on Sunday to meet statutory obligation, also puts the onus on local governments to educate orphan children. While enforcing the compulsory education provision, the law bars anyone without the basic education (eighth-grade level) by April 2028 from taking jobs at any government or non-government agencies and from seeking public position.
Although the newly authenticated law focuses on increasing children’s access to education, it puts little emphasis on boosting the quality of education. Government reports show a deteriorating quality of education while the dropout rate continues to rise. Records at the Ministry of Education show that net enrolment rate for basic education has gone up to 97 percent.